Tag: 上海水磨会所

International regulations: broken or blocked by lobbies

first_imgReports The resolution onthe promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights ont the Internet, adopted by the UN Human Rights Council during its 32nd session (from 13 June to 1 July 2016), reiterated that: “The same rights that people have offline must also be protected online, in particular freedom of expression, which is applicable regardless of frontiers and through any media of one’s choice, in accordance with articles 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.” It also urged all states to “address security concerns in accordance with their international human rights obligations, in particular with regard to freedom of expression, freedom of association and privacy.” The Human RightsCouncil’s resolutions are not binding and are not an effective way to restrainthose states that are the worst violators of individual online freedoms. Another Human Rights Council resolution, adopted in September 2016, noted that, “in the digital age, encryption and anonymity tools have become vital for many journalists to exercise freely their work and their enjoyment of human rights, in particular their rights to freedom of expression and to privacy, including to secure their communications and to protect the confidentiality of their sources,” and called on Member States “not to interfere with the use of such technologies, with any restrictions thereon complying with States’ obligations under international human rights law.” However, the Human Rights Council’s resolutions are not binding and are not an effective way to restrain those states that are the worst violators of individual online freedoms. Ever since Edward Snowden’s revelations and the end of US hegemony over Internet governance, the Enemies of the Internet have been trying to increase their role in Internet regulation, above all via such UN agencies as the International Telecommunication Union, UNESCO and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, which have all issued declarations on the defence of fundamental freedoms online and Internet governance. Following the Declaration of Principles issued at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) in Geneva in 2014, the WSIS has been one of the main multilateral platforms on Internet governance, but it has issued no binding resolutions designed to prevent authoritarian regimes from subjecting their citizens to mass censorship and surveillance. “There is a growing danger that the struggle over the strategic issue of Internet governance will end up officialising a fragmented and censored Internet,” said Benjamin Ismaïl, the head of RSF’s Asia desk. “If every country demands sovereignty over the Internet, we will have a system that grants authoritarian regimes every right to restrict online free speech and information. To avoid this, it is essential that binding international mechanisms are put in place to guarantee the existence of a global free Internet. Now more than ever, this guarantee requires control of Internet companies and companies that export mass surveillance technology.” In June 2014, RSF began asking the UN Human Rights Council to establish an international convention on corporate responsibility with regard to human rights, with the aim of making governments place strict controls on the export of surveillance technology and establish effective recourse for individuals who have been the victims of surveillance and the terrible consequences that can result from it (arrest, imprisonment, physical violence and torture). A few months later, on 28 November 2014, RSF, Privacy International, Digitale Gesellschaft, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) and Human Rights Watch hailed the European Union’s decision to add new forms of surveillance technology to the list of dual-use goods and technologies subject to export controls. It was “Europe’s first step towards increased control of surveillance technology,” RSF said. Members of the Coalition Against Unlawful Surveillance Exports (CAUSE) – Reporters Without Borders, Amnesty International, Digitale Gesellschaft, FIDH, Human Rights Watch, Open Technology Institute and Privacy International – sent a joint open letter on 2 December 2014 to members of the Wassenaar Arrangement, a grouping of 41 nations – most of them EU members – that regulates the export of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies. Referring to the Wassenaar Arrangement upcoming plenary session, the letter urged the groupe to take measures to curb the alarming proliferation of surveillance technology available to authoritarian regimes known to systematically violate human rights. Nearly three years after these calls for effectivecontrol of the private sector, the EU appears to be in retreat. RSF_en Help by sharing this information March 10, 2017 – Updated on March 14, 2017 International regulations: broken or blocked by lobbies Regulation of surveillance technology exports has ground to a halt as a result of pressure from the digital technology industry lobby. Represented above all by the DigitalEurope association, whose executive board includes representatives of such companies as Nokia, Siemens, AMETIC, IBM, ANITEC, Cisco and Microsoft, and backed by a group of diplomats from nine countries (Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Poland, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom), this lobby has managed to get telecommunications interception equipment, intrusion software, surveillance centres and data storage systems removed from the initial list of technology subject to control in the regulation proposed by the European Parliament and Council. The latest proposal no longer contains the originally envisaged controls on biometric equipment, geolocation systems or deep packet inspection technology (DPI), which enables inspection of data packets as they move through the Internet. By using DPI, governments bent on surveillance can access the content of emails, instant messaging, and VoIP conversations, and can see whether or not an email or message is encrypted. The latest proposal also fails to obligate EU member states to tell the public which companies have been given permission to export. Within the United Nations, the European Union and most national legislation, regulation of Internet surveillance, data protection and surveillance technology exports is still incomplete and inadequate with regard to international human rights norms and standards. The need for a legislative framework that protects online freedoms continues to be primordial with regard to both the issue of Internet surveillance as a whole and the particular problem of companies that export surveillance technology. >> IV – RSF’s recommendations on cyber-censorshipII << Organisation last_img read more

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The Final Word: Syracuse 72, Cornell 53

first_img Published on November 20, 2019 at 11:52 pm On Wednesday, freshman forward Quincy Guerrier (10 points, five rebounds) provided Syracuse a lift off the bench in a defensive struggle in the Carrier Dome. The Orange shot 47% from the field, but Guerrier and Elijah Hughes (22 points) led Syracuse past Cornell, 72-53.Before the game, Syracuse players wore warm-up T-shirts displaying #NotAgainSU to express their support the student-led protests against recent racist and bias-related hate acts on campus.Beat writers Josh Schafer and Nick Alvarez break it all down: Comments AdvertisementThis is placeholder textcenter_img Facebook Twitter Google+last_img

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Danish government raises taxes for igaming operators

first_img Altenar: Supporting expansion plans in Denmark and Portugal August 20, 2020 Sweden: Soft2Bet CEO Chaikin on prospering in igaming’s brave new world August 18, 2020 Submit Share Alberto Alfieri: Leading the way for Gamingtec’s B2C growth August 25, 2020 Related Articles Share StumbleUpon The Danish government has revealed plans to raise the level of tax paid by igaming operators in Denmark, which is due to come into effect in 2021.Operators will now pay tax equal to 28% of gross gaming revenue, up from the previous 20%, which is expected to generate DKK150m (£17.1m) in tax revenues.Denmark’s Social Democratic Party-led minority government has received the support from a number of other left wing parties such as the Red-Green Alliance, Socialist People’s Party and Social Liberal Party to pass the budget.It is hoped that by raising the tax, additional funding can be supplied towards problem gambling support initiatives, as well as increased efforts to better regulate the market which opened up in 2012.The government emphasised that the level of online tax still remained lower than that imposed on land-based casinos and gaming machines. Casinos pay a 45% GGR tax, and a further 30% on revenue above DKK4m, while gaming machines pay 41% of GGR as well as 30% on revenue over DKK4,000 for restaurant-based machines, and the same levy on revenue over DKK250,000 in gaming machine halls.Earlier this year, gaming operators in Denmark voluntarily agreed to a new code of conduct which seeks to establish a definitive benchmark on gambling industry practices, with regards to advertising, reducing problem gambling harms, combined with comprehensive consumer protections.The enforcement of the code by online gambling operators will be monitored by the Danish Online Gambling Association (DOGA). Whilst licence holders in the area of gaming machines will be monitored by the Dansk Automat Brancheforening (Danish gaming machine industry association) and land-based casino by the Dansk Kasinoforening (Danish Casino Association).last_img read more

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Matt Olson, Mark Canha deliver with bats and gloves in Oakland Athletics’ win over New York Yankees

first_imgOAKLAND — There was one split moment in the A’s 6-2 win over the Yankees upped manager Bob Melvin’s heart rate a bit. But how worried could he be, really?Matt Olson — ever the quietly reliable, yet, simultaneously spectacular first baseman — was trotting toward DJ LeMaheiu’s ground ball dribbling down the line. With Michael Tauchman on first, all of Olson’s momentum pointed to an easy tag out that advanced the runner into scoring position.But then Olson switched gears and fired to Marcus …last_img

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Ontario animal welfare agency lays 14 animal cruelty charges against mink farm

first_imgSTOUFFVILLE, Ont. – Ontario’s animal welfare agency has laid 14 cruelty charges against an unnamed mink farm.The Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals says it began an investigation in February after concerns were expressed about the welfare of the mink on the farm.The OSPCA says their investigation revealed sick animals with injuries and large lesions, rough handling of animals, unsanitary conditions and a lack of general care.The agency says it declined to name the farm due to internal policies.The farm faces five counts of permitting an animal to be in distress, two counts of causing an animal to be in distress, three counts of failing to provide adequate and appropriate medical attention, three counts of failing to provide care necessary for general welfare and one count of failing to provide adequate and appropriate sanitary conditions.OSPCA deputy chief inspector Jennifer Bluhm says there is no excuse for failing to treat animals humanely.“No one is exempt from the law when it comes to providing for the animals in their care,” she said in a statement.last_img read more

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Amnesty International honours Indigenous movers and shakers in Montreal

first_imgTom FennarioAPTN National NewsAmnesty International handed out its Ambassador of Conscience Award in Montreal Saturday night.It was a night of celebration to honour human rights.It recognized the Indigenous rights movement in Canada – and one of the world’s most celebrated [email protected]last_img

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Idaho Washington farmers see aboveaverage year on wheat

first_imgLEWISTON, Idaho — Farmers in Idaho and Washington saw above-average returns on wheat crop this year, but lentil prices are plunging, officials said.“Generally speaking, we had an above-average year,” said Nez Perce County Extension agent Doug Finkelnburg. “We had above-average returns on winter wheat and really strong yields on garbanzo beans.”The U.S. Department of Agriculture Portland Daily Grain Report last week listed soft white wheat prices between $6.20 and $6.35 a bushel, the Lewiston Tribune reported Monday.But dry pea, lentil and garbanzo prices plunged 40 per cent recently because of retaliatory tariffs imposed by India, the No. 1 customer for those products.Pulse prices haven’t been this low since the early 2000s and are likely to result in a dramatic decline in acres planted to dry peas, lentils and garbanzos next spring, according to the USA Dry Pea & Lentil Council in Moscow, Idaho.U.S. Wheat Associates published an update last month on world and U.S. wheat supply and demand.Highlights of the report include expectations that 2018-19 global wheat production will fall for the first time in five years, by 1 per cent. Wheat production in Australia is likely to be down 26 per cent because of severe drought in the central region of the country.U.S. wheat production, on the other hand, is estimated to be 8 per cent higher than last year.Worldwide consumption of wheat is forecast to be 4 per cent above the five-year average, and Chinese domestic consumption is expected to reach 5 per cent above the five-year average.As of Oct. 11, U.S. wheat exports were 18 per cent behind last year’s pace, due in part to the loss of the Chinese market over tariffs imposed between China and the U.S. earlier this year.Glen Squires, chief executive officer of the Washington Grain Commission, said even though wheat prices are up, “just think what they could be” if it were not for the tariffs between China and the United States.___Information from: Lewiston Tribune, http://www.lmtribune.comThe Associated Presslast_img read more

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Pilot makes incredible crashlanding near Liard Hot Springs

first_imgSean Holmstead, the owner and chief pilot of Mackenzie Mountain Aviation said that the airplane was damaged during the crash-landing, though the 37-year-old pilot was not injured. Holmstead said that the extent of the damage to the airplane is currently not known, but that a salvage attempt will be made in the near future. FORT NELSON, B.C. — A pilot that became incapacitated while flying from Fort Nelson to Watson Lake was able to make a miraculous crash-landing north of Liard Hot Springs last Friday.A spokesman with the Transportation Safety Board of Canada said that the pilot and lone occupant of a six-seater Cessna U206 Super Skywagon owned by Mackenzie Mountain Aviation Corp. was flying via visual flight rules when he became incapacitated at around 7:45 on Friday evening. The spokesman said that after the aircraft descended, the pilot was able to regain control of his plane and perform an emergency landing after striking several trees. The pilot, who was not injured in the emergency landing, was able to activate the plane’s emergency locator beacon and make a call to his company via satellite phone before spending the night inside the plane. Transport Canada spokesman Pierre Manoni said that search and rescue aircraft were dispatched by the Joint Rescue Coordination Centre in Victoria at first light on Saturday morning and were able to rescue the pilot, who was transported to the Fort Nelson Hospital to be checked out.last_img read more

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BJP manifesto shower of promises party did not fulfil 2014 promises Sharad

first_imgMadhepura: Accusing the BJP of not fulfilling any of its big promises made during the 2014 Lok Sabha polls, opposition leader Sharad Yadav Tuesday described the ruling party’s manifesto for the upcoming election as another “shower of promises” and asked people to reject the party. Yadav, who is contesting the election on RJD ticket from Madhepura in Bihar, said in a statement that in his long political career he has never seen such an atmosphere as he had seen in 2014 and now. Also Read – Uddhav bats for ‘Sena CM’ “I appeal to people to reject the BJP. It does not know as to how to rule the country. It has rather created an atmosphere of hatred across the country and is badly damaging the economy,” he said. He said the BJP had made promises like bringing back black money, giving Rs 15 lakh to each citizen, employment to two crore youth and cleaning Ganga river, and alleged that none of them was fulfilled. “In the manifesto of 2019 no mention has been made of non-fulfilment of these promises and it has now made 75 more promises,” he said, describing it as a “ridiculous”.last_img read more

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